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Sniper rifles for Indian Army delayed as 20 firms offer weapon, but none make ammunition

印度陆军采购的狙击枪难以交付,原因:有20家公司提供武器,但是没有一家制造弹药。



New Delhi: The Indian Army’s wait for much-needed sniper rifles just got longer, with the procurement process hitting a glitch: 20 firms replied to the Army’s request for information (RFI), floated last year, but none of them manufacture the ammunition.

新德里:由于采购流程出了一点小问题,印度军队对于急需的狙击步枪的等待时间变得更长了:20家公司回应了印度陆军去年发出的采购邀请信息(RFI),但是没有一家制造弹药。

The absence of ammunition-manufacturing capacity is seen as a major drawback because the Army was looking to secure technology transfer under the final deal for the seamless operation of the rifles in the long run, ThePrint has learnt.

ThePrint获悉,由于印度陆军希望在最终协议中获得技术转让,以在长期内实现这种步枪的无缝切换,所以他们认为缺乏生产子弹的能力是一个重大缺陷。

The Army is now looking to scrap the RFI and start afresh its hunt for 5,700 high-precision sniper rifles, at an estimated cost of Rs 982 crore, highly-placed sources in the defence establishment told ThePrint.

国防部高层人士告诉ThePrint,陆军现在想要废弃RFI计划,并重新寻找卖家采购5700支高精度狙击枪,预计成本为98.2亿卢比。



“While these high-precision weapons will be bought with ‘Buy Global’ categorisation, their ammunition will be initially procured and subsequently manufactured in India,” the Defence Ministry said in a statement issued last year.

“尽管这些高精度武器将在‘全球采购’的范畴下采购,但它们的弹药一开始将采用采购的形式,之后在印度生产,”国防部在去年的一次声明中说。

There were 12-13 foreign firms among the 20 that replied to the 2018 RFI, ThePrint has learnt, with the respondents including Sako of Finland, H-S Precision of the US, Steelcore Designs Limited of the UK, PGM Precision of France, and Punj Lloyd Raksha Systems, a joint venture between Indian defence conglomerate Punj Lloyd and Israel Weapons Industries.

ThePrint获悉,20家外国企业中有12-13家对2018年的采购案做出了回应,应标者包括芬兰的赛课公司,美国的H-S精准公司,英国的Steelcore设计有限公司、法国的PGM精准武器公司、以及Punj Lloyd Raksha系统公司(它是印度国防企业集团Punj Lloyd和以色列武器工业的合资公司)。

However, after uating the firms, the authorities found that none had the capability to manufacture the ammunition.

然而,在对这些公司进行评估后,当局发现它们都没有能力制造弹药。

“Ammunition is a crucial requirement for sniper rifles, because even if the firms procured ammunition from elsewhere later, they would not be able to transfer the technology to India,” another Army source told ThePrint.

“弹药对于狙击步枪而言至关重要,因为即使那家公司稍后从别处采购弹药,他们也不能把技术转移给印度,”另一位陆军消息人士告诉ThePrint。

‘Much delay unlikely’
The Army is looking to procure sniper rifles amid an increased threat of sniper attacks along the Line of Control as well as to seek a tactical advantage over enemies sighted at a distance.

“不太可能延期太久”
由于控制线沿线的狙击威胁日益增加,陆军也想获得对相当距离外敌人的战术优势,所以陆军想要采购狙击枪。

While procurement of defence equipment is usually a long-drawn process, with multiple steps and thorough uations, sources in the defence establishment said that the purchase of high-precision sniper rifles was part of a modernisation plan and unlikely to face much delay.

尽管国防装备的采购通常是一个漫长的过程,需要多个步骤和彻底的评估,但国防部门的消息人士表示,购买高精度狙击步枪是现代化计划的一部分,不太可能遭遇太多拖延。

“The troops are being provided with sniper rifles at the borders. This one is for the entire forces and will take the minimum standard time,” one of the aforementioned Army sources said. “The first batch will be delivered after two years.”

“我们正在向边境部队提供狙击步枪。这个采购计划是为全军服务的,所以所耗时间将降至最低标准时间,”前面提到的一位陆军消息人士称。“第一批将在两年后发货。”

With the larger procurement taking time, the Northern Army Commander made an urgent purchase this March of two new advanced sniper rifles — Barrett M95 .50 BMG and Beretta Scorpio TGT ‘Victrix’, with .338 Lapua Magnum cartridges — through his special financial powers.

由于采购消耗时间变长,北方陆军司令于今年三月份,动用了他的特别财政权,紧急采购了两种先进的新型狙击步枪——巴雷特M95 .50 BMG和贝雷塔天蝎TGT“胜利女神”(采用.338Lapua马格南子弹)。

However, the numbers procured were a blip compared to those required.

然而,采购数量与需要的数量相比是杯水车薪。



The RFI issued by the Army’s Infantry Directorate in 2018 took into account these factors, seeking 8.6X70 mm sniper rifles with a range of at least 1,200 metres, and 10.2 million rounds of ammunition.

陆军的步兵指挥部2018年提出的狙击枪采购案考虑了这些因素,希望采购射程至少为1200米的8.6X70mm狙击步枪,以及1020万发子弹。